History of Pistoia, Art and Culture

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History of Pistoia

Pistoia is a peaceful settlement situated in the medieval heart of Tuscany at the foot of the Apennines, just minutes from nearby Florence and Prato. The area is pistoiese for tourists a pleasant journey to reach other towns in Tuscany as Lucca and Pisa, which shares strong ties architectural.

The city was founded by the Romans in the second century BC as a point of support for supply in the Roman army against Ligures fight. Probably existed in a previous era Etruscan as recently demonstrated by the finding of some exhibits Etruscans.
Its name probably derives from the Latin history, which means baked bread, or is likely to be the origin of Etruscan origin: "Track" and "Oros", meaning door and upstream.

The city was completely destroyed in 406 AD by the Ostrogoths and knew its period of greatest splendor during the reign Lombard in the eighth century, are still present today fingerprints of Lombard nell'urbanistica cities, especially in Piazza della Sala .

During the Middle Ages to the early'900 the city became an important political center and marketable thanks to the government of some important noble families such as Clerks, the Panciatichi, the Rospigliosi, the Manni, the Tolomei and others. It was precisely the Chancellors to give life to the early cultural circles, as the Academy of awakening, important political and cultural place where they recited poems, poems, prose and music composed. In this period we Pistoia Distinguished by its banking and financial functions, becoming a landmark at the international level.

Since 1351 the city was finally subdued by Florence, who up to the Government of Italy, Following the disasters of the plague of 1300 that half the population, was erected a third boundary wall 15 meters high characterized by towers and ramparts and four-door allowing access to the city: port Lucchese, Carratica door, door and door Al Borgo San Marco who gave names to the districts citizens.

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